Gingerbread houses for the rest of us
Recipe for Gingerbread House Dough
This recipe should be enough for a standard gingerbread house. It’s stronger than cookie dough, so your house will hold together better. It’s also less likely to change shape and size while baking. Best yet, it’s entirely edible (assuming you only decorate with candy and use frosting as the glue).
The dough can be refrigerated for a week or frozen for a month. If possible, bake the gingerbread a day before you intend to construct your house to give it time to cool and harden.
Start to finish: 2 hours
Makes enough for 1 house
6 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1 tablespoon ground ginger
1 tablespoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon salt
1 1/4 cups vegetable shortening
1 1/4 cups powdered sugar
1 1/4 cups packed dark brown sugar
1 1/4 cups molasses
1/2 cup plus 1 to 4 tablespoons water
In a medium mixing bowl, whisk together the flour, ginger, cinnamon and salt. Set aside.
In a large bowl, use an electric mixer on low to beat together the shortening, powdered sugar, dark brown sugar and molasses until just smooth.
Add the flour mixture all at once. Mix on low to medium-low speed. When the dough looks crumbly, add 1/2 cup water. If the dough feels dry, add more water, 1 tablespoon at a time. The dough should be firm, but evenly moist.
Turn the dough onto a lightly floured work surface and shape into a solid ball. Place the dough between 2 sheets of parchment paper and use a rolling pin to roll out to about 1/4 inch thick.
Place the rolled out dough, still between the sheets of parchment, on a baking sheet and refrigerate for 1 hour, or until firm. Meanwhile, heat the oven to 350 F.
Remove the dough from the refrigerator, remove the top sheet of parchment paper and cut the dough as desired. Remove the excess dough scraps, then bake until golden brown (times will vary according to size of the pieces). Plan for about 7 to 10 minutes for small pieces, and 10 to 15 minutes for large ones.
– Recipe adapted from Christina Banner’s “How to Build a Gingerbread House,” Penny Publishing, 2008
Recipe for Royal Icing
Royal icing is the glue that will hold your house together. This recipe uses safe-to-eat dried egg whites, which are sold in the baking aisle as meringue powder. The icing will keep for three to four days, at room temperature, covered tightly.
If the icing has been stored overnight, or looks as though it has softened, beat it again for the full time (7 to 10 minutes) before using. As you work with royal icing, keep the bowl covered with plastic or damp paper towels.
Start to finish: 15 minutes
Makes enough for 1 house
2 pounds (8 cups) powdered sugar
4 tablespoons dried white eggs or meringue powder
3/4 cup water, room temperature
In a large mixing bowl, combine the powdered sugar and dried egg whites. Use an electric mixer to beat on low while slowly pouring in the water. Mix until combined.
Increase mixer speed to medium-high and beat until the icing forms stiff peaks, about 7 to 10 minutes. If the peaks are not stiff enough, curve or sag heavily, add more powdered sugar and continue to beat until stiff.
– Recipe from Christina Banner’s “How to Build a Gingerbread House,” Penny Publishing, 2008
Unless you have a culinary degree, an incredibly steady hand and a few months to spare, you probably won’t be able to recreate those breathtaking gingerbread houses that dazzle from bakeshop windows.
The sooner you accept that, the sooner you will be on you way to a merrier Christmas.
But that doesn’t mean you should give up on your gingerbread dreams. The trick is that instead of trying to create an architectural wonder, focus on creating lasting memories. In other words, just have fun.
“It’s one of those Hallmark moments, almost corny at times. This is what childhood is supposed to be about,” says Marc Haymon, a baking instructor at the Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park, N.Y.
So here’s some tips from the experts on making a memorable gingerbread house.
Plan, measure and create templates first. Cut the templates out of cardboard, then check that they fit together. Once your dough is rolled, you will use these template and a sharp knife to cut the sections of your house.
If the cookies spread during cooking, the templates also can be used to trim them as soon as they come out of the oven.
This also is the time to design windows, doors or other features, which must be cut out of the dough before it is baked. But beginners really should stick with a simple, four-wall, one-door, two-or-three-window design.
If you’re stumped for design ideas, check out “How to Build a Gingerbread House” by Christina Banner or “The Gingerbread Architect” by Susan Matheson and Lauren Chattman.
Use a gingerbread recipe intended for houses; others don’t produce cookies that are strong enough. Once the dough is mixed, it is refrigerated before it is cut and shaped, then baked. The dough can be refrigerated for a week or frozen for a month.
Matheson and Chattman suggest rolling the dough onto parchment paper, cutting it on the parchment, then removing the scraps and transferring the dough (still on the paper) to baking sheets and baking.
If possible, bake the gingerbread the day before your house-making extravaganza. Day-old gingerbread is stronger and easier to work with. It also lets you focus on the fun.
Don’t bother with icing from a can. You need royal icing, a meringue and powdered sugar-based icing that dries almost cement hard. Make sure to keep extra icing covered with plastic wrap so that it doesn’t dry out.
Thin cardboard and other weak supports spell catastrophe, says Banner. If the base bends when you pick up the house, it could shatter the decorations or break the seal between sections.
Build on a solid, moveable surface, such as a large flat platter, a slab of wood covered in foil or a plastic cutting board. Baking and craft supply stores also sell inexpensive cake mounts, which are heavy-duty cardboard wrapped in foil.
Soup cans and mugs are excellent helpers; use them to hold walls in place while you ice (cement) them together. To do this, place a mug or can on either side of the wall, holding it upright in place.
After the walls are assembled, wait at least an hour before adding the roof. If young children are involved, consider building the house without them the night before, then let them do the decorating once everything is solid.
“I’ll tell you, from my sad experience, that when a recipe says to let the walls dry before trying to put on the roof, don’t rush it!” says Chattman.
Need to kill some time while the walls dry? Bake some holiday cookies. By the time you are done, the house should be ready to go.
Piping (squirting icing from a conical bag) is a handy skill for these projects. This is how you add decorative icing touches (think icicles and “snow”). It’s also how you cement together the walls and roof.
You can buy special bags and metal tips, but it isn’t necessary. Zip-close plastic bags work fine. Spoon the icing into the bag, seal it, snip off one corner (large or small depending on the flow of icing desired), then gently squeeze.
Children may prefer cups of icing applied with a plastic spoon.
This is where your imagination gets to really kick in. And the possibilities positively boggle. This is just a start:
Pretzel rods (columns)
Apricot fruit tape (window panes)
Sticks of gum (cut them into roof tiles, stepping stones, window boxes, steps, shutters)
Jelly beans (walkways and foundations)
Frosted wheat square cereal (thatched roof)
Wafer cookies (stones, steps and window panes)
Rock candy (trees)
Licorice string (accents and other trim)
For the best selection, head to a bulk candy store (the sort in the mall that sells candy in large bins). This also is a good chance for the little ones to help pick their favorite decorations (and snacks).
Royal icing, once again, will be your glue. Feel free to add food coloring and use it to decorate, too.
“There is nothing that’s not going to look good on a gingerbread house,” says Banner.
But avoid chocolate, the fat of which can seep into the gingerbread and weaken in.
“More than a tear was shed… I used Andes mints to cover the roof of an antebellum plantation, but the chocolate was so moist that the roof got soft and eventually caved in,” says Chattman.